Faculty ProfilesFrederick Hecht, MD
1545 Divisadero Street
San Francisco, CA 94115
I am trained in Internal Medicine, with additional training in clinical research methods, biostatistics, and behavioral medicine. My research focus for many years was on HIV. I developed one of the largest cohorts in the world of persons followed from primary HIV (within 6 months of infection), the Options Project, in which we have examined clinical, behavioral, cardiovascular, and immunologic research questions. In 2002, I became Director of Research at the UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine. My research is driven by the belief that modern medicine has made impressive advances in treating a range of health conditions, but that further advances for many of the most important health problems of our era, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and mental health issues require improved development and implementation of lifestyle and other non-pharmacologic approaches. An important goal of my research program is to rigorously test whether we can improve interventions for chronic health problems such as HIV, diabetes, obesity, and stress, by incorporating mindfulness and/or yoga-based components. A current example is an NIH-funded study to test whether including training in mindful eating practices decreases eating in response to food cravings and enhances adherence to a nutritional plan in type 2 diabetes.
In my role as Director of the UCSF Osher Center Research Program, I have played a key leadership role in building it into an internationally recognized integrative medicine research center that is distinguished by the application of innovative and rigorous research designs to studying mindfulness-based interventions, yoga, acupuncture, interoceptive awareness, and behavioral interventions. I served in a variety of leadership roles in HIV medicine and integrative medicine, including as chair of the Organizing Committee of the 2016 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health, which gives me a broad view of the field. I have a strong commitment to mentoring. I have led UCSF's highly successful Training Research in Integrative Medicine (TRIM) fellowship program since 2006, and have served as a primary or main co-mentor on 11 K awards. I have served as PI or co-PI/project director for 29 grants, 17 of them from NIH, including leading three Program Project grants.
Education and Training
|Location||Degree or Training||Specialty||Date|
|University of California, San Francisco||Post-doctoral fellowship||Clinical epidemiology -general internal medicine||1993|
|Einstein-Montifiore Residency Program in Social Medicine||Internal Medicine residency||1989|
Related Web Sites
In the News
- Changing Environment Affects Stress Level in Mice (Jul 06, 2012)
Recent Articles (247)
de Mulder M, SenGupta D, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Sacha JB, Nixon DF, Michaud HA. Anti-HERV-K (HML-2) capsid antibody responses in HIV elite controllers. Retrovirology. 2017 Aug 22; 14(1):41.
Gurfein BT, Hasdemir B, Milush JM, Touma C, Palme R, Nixon DF, Darcel N, Hecht FM, Bhargava A. Enriched environment and stress exposure influence splenic B lymphocyte composition. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0180771.
Keating SM, Pilcher CD, Jain V, Lebedeva M, Hampton D, Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Murphy G, Welte A, Facente SN, Hecht F, Deeks SG, Pillai SK, Busch MP. HIV Antibody Level as a Marker of HIV Persistence and Low-Level Viral Replication. J Infect Dis. 2017 Jul 01; 216(1):72-81.
Rutishauser RL, Hartogensis W, Deguit CD, Krone M, Hoh R, Hecht FM, Pilcher CD, Bacchetti P, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, McCune JM. Early and Delayed Antiretroviral Therapy Results in Comparable Reductions in CD8+ T Cell Exhaustion Marker Expression. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2017 Jul; 33(7):658-667.
Charlins P, Schmitt K, Remling-Mulder L, Hogan LE, Hanhauser E, Hobbs KS, Hecht F, Deeks SG, Henrich TJ, Akkina R. A humanized mouse-based HIV-1 viral outgrowth assay with higher sensitivity than in vitro qVOA in detecting latently infected cells from individuals on ART with undetectable viral loads. Virology. 2017 Jul; 507:135-139.
Saslow LR, Mason AE, Kim S, Goldman V, Ploutz-Snyder R, Bayandorian H, Daubenmier J, Hecht FM, Moskowitz JT. An Online Intervention Comparing a Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations Versus a Plate Method Diet in Overweight Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2017 Feb 13; 19(2):e36.
Tauriainen J, Scharf L, Frederiksen J, Naji A, Ljunggren HG, Sönnerborg A, Lund O, Reyes-Terán G, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Betts MR, Buggert M, Karlsson AC. Perturbed CD8+ T cell TIGIT/CD226/PVR axis despite early initiation of antiretroviral treatment in HIV infected individuals. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 13; 7:40354.
Adler E, Dhruva A, Moran PJ, Daubenmier J, Acree M, Epel ES, Bacchetti P, Prather AA, Mason A, Hecht FM. Impact of a Mindfulness-Based Weight-Loss Intervention on Sleep Quality Among Adults with Obesity: Data from the SHINE Randomized Controlled Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2017 Mar; 23(3):188-195.
Pinzone MR, Graf E, Lynch L, McLaughlin B, Hecht FM, Connors M, Migueles SA, Hwang WT, Nunnari G, O'Doherty U. Monitoring Integration over Time Supports a Role for Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes and Ongoing Replication as Determinants of Reservoir Size. J Virol. 2016 Dec 01; 90(23):10436-10445.
Kiniry BE, Ganesh A, Critchfield JW, Hunt PW, Hecht FM, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Predominance of weakly cytotoxic, T-betLowEomesNeg CD8+ T-cells in human gastrointestinal mucosa: implications for HIV infection. Mucosal Immunol. 2017 Jul; 10(4):1008-1020.
Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Busch MP, Murphy G, Facente SN, Keating SM, Mckinney E, Marson K, Price MA, Martin JN, Little SJ, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A. Viral load criteria and threshold optimization to improve HIV incidence assay characteristics. AIDS. 2016 Sep 24; 30(15):2361-71.
Willberg CB, Garrison KE, Jones RB, Meiklejohn DA, Spotts G, Liegler TJ, Ostrowski MA, Karlsson AC, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Correction: Rapid Progressing Allele HLA-B35 Px Restricted Anti-HIV-1 CD8+ T Cells Recognize Vestigial CTL Epitopes. PLoS One. 2016; 11(7):e0160293.
Fromentin R, Bakeman W, Lawani MB, Khoury G, Hartogensis W, DaFonseca S, Killian M, Epling L, Hoh R, Sinclair E, Hecht FM, Bacchetti P, Deeks SG, Lewin SR, Sékaly RP, Chomont N. CD4+ T Cells Expressing PD-1, TIGIT and LAG-3 Contribute to HIV Persistence during ART. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Jul; 12(7):e1005761.
Ramirez CM, Sinclair E, Epling L, Lee SA, Jain V, Hsue PY, Hatano H, Conn D, Hecht FM, Martin JN, McCune JM, Deeks SG, Hunt PW. Immunologic profiles distinguish aviremic HIV-infected adults. AIDS. 2016 Jun 19; 30(10):1553-62.
Khoury G, Anderson JL, Fromentin R, Hartogenesis W, Smith MZ, Bacchetti P, Hecht FM, Chomont N, Cameron PU, Deeks SG, Lewin SR. Persistence of integrated HIV DNA in CXCR3?+?CCR6?+?memory CD4+ T cells in HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2016 Jun 19; 30(10):1511-20.
Chao MT, Chang A, Reddy S, Harrison JD, Acquah J, Toveg M, Santana T, Hecht FM. Adjunctive acupuncture for pain and symptom management in the inpatient setting: protocol for a pilot hybrid effectiveness-implementation study. J Integr Med. 2016 May; 14(3):228-38.
Daubenmier J, Moran PJ, Kristeller J, Acree M, Bacchetti P, Kemeny ME, Dallman M, Lustig RH, Grunfeld C, Nixon DF, Milush JM, Goldman V, Laraia B, Laugero KD, Woodhouse L, Epel ES, Hecht FM. Effects of a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention in adults with obesity: A randomized clinical trial. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Apr; 24(4):794-804.
Mason AE, Epel ES, Aschbacher K, Lustig RH, Acree M, Kristeller J, Cohn M, Dallman M, Moran PJ, Bacchetti P, Laraia B, Hecht FM, Daubenmier J. Reduced reward-driven eating accounts for the impact of a mindfulness-based diet and exercise intervention on weight loss: Data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial. Appetite. 2016 May 01; 100:86-93.
Chew GM, Fujita T, Webb GM, Burwitz BJ, Wu HL, Reed JS, Hammond KB, Clayton KL, Ishii N, Abdel-Mohsen M, Liegler T, Mitchell BI, Hecht FM, Ostrowski M, Shikuma CM, Hansen SG, Maurer M, Korman AJ, Deeks SG, Sacha JB, Ndhlovu LC. TIGIT Marks Exhausted T Cells, Correlates with Disease Progression, and Serves as a Target for Immune Restoration in HIV and SIV Infection. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Jan; 12(1):e1005349.
Mason AE, Epel ES, Kristeller J, Moran PJ, Dallman M, Lustig RH, Acree M, Bacchetti P, Laraia BA, Hecht FM, Daubenmier J. Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindful eating, sweets consumption, and fasting glucose levels in obese adults: data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial. J Behav Med. 2016 Apr; 39(2):201-13.
Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Swainson LA, Chu SN, Ortiz AM, Santee CA, Petriello A, Dunham RM, Fadrosh DW, Lin DL, Faruqi AA, Huang Y, Apetrei C, Pandrea I, Hecht FM, Pilcher CD, Klatt NR, Brenchley JM, Lynch SV, McCune JM. Gut-Resident Lactobacillus Abundance Associates with IDO1 Inhibition and Th17 Dynamics in SIV-Infected Macaques. Cell Rep. 2015 Nov 24; 13(8):1589-97.
Pilcher CD, Bisol CA, Paganella MP, Vallabhaneni S, da Motta LR, Kato SK, Sperhacke RD, Kallas EG, Hecht FM, Diaz RS. Efficient Identification of HIV Serodiscordant Couples by Existing HIV Testing Programs in South Brazil. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0142638.
Whittle HJ, Palar K, Napoles T, Hufstedler LL, Ching I, Hecht FM, Frongillo EA, Weiser SD. Experiences with food insecurity and risky sex among low-income people living with HIV/AIDS in a resource-rich setting. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18:20293.
Moskowitz JT, Duncan LG, Moran PJ, Acree M, Epel ES, Kemeny ME, Hecht FM, Folkman S. Dispositional Mindfulness in People with HIV: Associations with Psychological and Physical Health. Pers Individ Dif. 2015 Nov 01; 86:88-93.
Liu R, Chang A, Reddy S, Hecht FM, Chao MT. Improving Patient-Centered Care: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Prior Use and Interest in Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches Among Hospitalized Oncology Patients. J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Feb; 22(2):160-5.
McDermott K, Kumar D, Goldman V, Feng H, Mehling W, Moskowitz JT, Souza RB, Hecht FM. Training in ChiRunning to reduce blood pressure: a randomized controlled pilot study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 Oct 15; 15:368.
Gornalusse GG, Mummidi S, Gaitan AA, Jimenez F, Ramsuran V, Picton A, Rogers K, Manoharan MS, Avadhanam N, Murthy KK, Martinez H, Molano Murillo A, Chykarenko ZA, Hutt R, Daskalakis D, Shostakovich-Koretskaya L, Abdool Karim S, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Hecht F, Sinclair E, Clark RA, Okulicz J, Valentine FT, Martinson N, Tiemessen CT, Ndung'u T, Hunt PW, He W, Ahuja SK. Epigenetic mechanisms, T-cell activation, and CCR5 genetics interact to regulate T-cell expression of CCR5, the major HIV-1 coreceptor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 25; 112(34):E4762-71.
Mason AE, Laraia B, Daubenmier J, Hecht FM, Lustig RH, Puterman E, Adler N, Dallman M, Kiernan M, Gearhardt AN, Epel ES. Putting the brakes on the "drive to eat": Pilot effects of naltrexone and reward-based eating on food cravings among obese women. Eat Behav. 2015 Dec; 19:53-6.
Procopio FA, Fromentin R, Kulpa DA, Brehm JH, Bebin AG, Strain MC, Richman DD, O'Doherty U, Palmer S, Hecht FM, Hoh R, Barnard RJ, Miller MD, Hazuda DJ, Deeks SG, Sékaly RP, Chomont N. A Novel Assay to Measure the Magnitude of the Inducible Viral Reservoir in HIV-infected Individuals. EBioMedicine. 2015 Aug; 2(8):874-83.
Eriksson EM, Liegler T, Keh CE, Karlsson AC, Holditch SJ, Pilcher CD, Loeb L, Nixon DF, Hecht FM. Newly Exerted T Cell Pressures on Mutated Epitopes following Transmission Help Maintain Consensus HIV-1 Sequences. PLoS One. 2014; 10(4):e0120787.
von Stockenstrom S, Odevall L, Lee E, Sinclair E, Bacchetti P, Killian M, Epling L, Shao W, Hoh R, Ho T, Faria NR, Lemey P, Albert J, Hunt P, Loeb L, Pilcher C, Poole L, Hatano H, Somsouk M, Douek D, Boritz E, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Palmer S. Longitudinal Genetic Characterization Reveals That Cell Proliferation Maintains a Persistent HIV Type 1 DNA Pool During Effective HIV Therapy. J Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 15; 212(4):596-607.
Abdel-Mohsen M, Wang C, Strain MC, Lada SM, Deng X, Cockerham LR, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Liegler T, Richman DD, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Select host restriction factors are associated with HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2015 Feb 20; 29(4):411-20.
Kumar D, McDermott K, Feng H, Goldman V, Luke A, Souza RB, Hecht FM. Effects of Form-Focused Training on Running Biomechanics: A Pilot Randomized Trial in Untrained Individuals. PM R. 2015 Aug; 7(8):814-22.
Gega A, Kozal MJ, Chiarella J, Lee E, Peterson J, Hecht FM, Liegler T, St John EP, Simen BB, Price RW, Spudich SS. Deep sequencing of HIV-1 variants from paired plasma and cerebrospinal fluid during primary HIV infection. J Virus Erad. 2015; 1(4):264-268.
Hollingsworth TD, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Fraser C. High Transmissibility During Early HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men-San Francisco, California. J Infect Dis. 2015 Jun 01; 211(11):1757-60.
Prather AA, Gurfein B, Moran P, Daubenmier J, Acree M, Bacchetti P, Sinclair E, Lin J, Blackburn E, Hecht FM, Epel ES. Tired telomeres: Poor global sleep quality, perceived stress, and telomere length in immune cell subsets in obese men and women. Brain Behav Immun. 2015 Jul; 47:155-62.
Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Keating SM, Facente SN, McKinney E, Price MA, Martin JN, Little S, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A, Busch MP, Murphy G. Independent assessment of candidate HIV incidence assays on specimens in the CEPHIA repository. AIDS. 2014 Oct 23; 28(16):2439-49.
Cockerham LR, Siliciano JD, Sinclair E, O'Doherty U, Palmer S, Yukl SA, Strain MC, Chomont N, Hecht FM, Siliciano RF, Richman DD, Deeks SG. CD4+ and CD8+ T cell activation are associated with HIV DNA in resting CD4+ T cells. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e110731.
Norström MM, Veras NM, Huang W, Proper MC, Cook J, Hartogensis W, Hecht FM, Karlsson AC, Karlsoon AC, Salemi M. Baseline CD4+ T cell counts correlates with HIV-1 synonymous rate in HLA-B*5701 subjects with different risk of disease progression. PLoS Comput Biol. 2014 Sep; 10(9):e1003830.
Klatt NR, Bosinger SE, Peck M, Richert-Spuhler LE, Heigele A, Gile JP, Patel N, Taaffe J, Julg B, Camerini D, Torti C, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Sinclair E, Hecht FM, Lederman MM, Paiardini M, Kirchhoff F, Brenchley JM, Hunt PW, Silvestri G. Limited HIV infection of central memory and stem cell memory CD4+ T cells is associated with lack of progression in viremic individuals. PLoS Pathog. 2014 Aug; 10(8):e1004345.
Streeck H, Lu R, Beckwith N, Milazzo M, Liu M, Routy JP, Little S, Jessen H, Kelleher AD, Hecht F, Sekaly RP, Alter G, Heckerman D, Carrington M, Rosenberg ES, Altfeld M. Emergence of individual HIV-specific CD8 T cell responses during primary HIV-1 infection can determine long-term disease outcome. J Virol. 2014 Nov; 88(21):12793-801.
Henje Blom E, Duncan LG, Ho TC, Connolly CG, LeWinn KZ, Chesney M, Hecht FM, Yang TT. The development of an RDoC-based treatment program for adolescent depression: "Training for Awareness, Resilience, and Action" (TARA). Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:630.
Cockerham LR, Jain V, Sinclair E, Glidden DV, Hartogenesis W, Hatano H, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Pilcher CD, Sekaly R, McCune JM, Hecht FM, Deeks SG. Programmed death-1 expression on CD4? and CD8? T cells in treated and untreated HIV disease. AIDS. 2014 Jul 31; 28(12):1749-58.
Raposo RA, Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Hecht FM, Pilcher CD, Pillai SK, Nixon DF. Dynamic regulation of host restriction factor expression over the course of HIV-1 infection in vivo. J Virol. 2014 Oct; 88(19):11624-9.
McDermott KA, Rao MR, Nagarathna R, Murphy EJ, Burke A, Nagendra RH, Hecht FM. A yoga intervention for type 2 diabetes risk reduction: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Jul 01; 14:212.
Wang C, Abdel-Mohsen M, Strain MC, Lada SM, Yukl S, Cockerham LR, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Sinclair E, Liegler T, Richman DD, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Decreased HIV type 1 transcription in CCR5-?32 heterozygotes during suppressive antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2014 Dec 01; 210(11):1838-43.
Gold JA, Grill M, Peterson J, Pilcher C, Lee E, Hecht FM, Fuchs D, Yiannoutsos CT, Price RW, Robertson K, Spudich S. Longitudinal characterization of depression and mood states beginning in primary HIV infection. AIDS Behav. 2014 Jun; 18(6):1124-32.
Serrano-Villar S, Sainz T, Lee SA, Hunt PW, Sinclair E, Shacklett BL, Ferre AL, Hayes TL, Somsouk M, Hsue PY, Van Natta ML, Meinert CL, Lederman MM, Hatano H, Jain V, Huang Y, Hecht FM, Martin JN, McCune JM, Moreno S, Deeks SG. HIV-infected individuals with low CD4/CD8 ratio despite effective antiretroviral therapy exhibit altered T cell subsets, heightened CD8+ T cell activation, and increased risk of non-AIDS morbidity and mortality. PLoS Pathog. 2014 May; 10(5):e1004078.
Gurfein BT, Davidenko O, Premenko-Lanier M, Milush JM, Acree M, Dallman MF, Touma C, Palme R, York VA, Fromentin G, Darcel N, Nixon DF, Hecht FM. Environmental enrichment alters splenic immune cell composition and enhances secondary influenza vaccine responses in mice. Mol Med. 2014 Apr 22; 20:179-90.
Buggert M, Norström MM, Salemi M, Hecht FM, Karlsson AC. Functional avidity and IL-2/perforin production is linked to the emergence of mutations within HLA-B*5701-restricted epitopes and HIV-1 disease progression. J Immunol. 2014 May 15; 192(10):4685-96.
Saslow LR, Kim S, Daubenmier JJ, Moskowitz JT, Phinney SD, Goldman V, Murphy EJ, Cox RM, Moran P, Hecht FM. A randomized pilot trial of a moderate carbohydrate diet compared to a very low carbohydrate diet in overweight or obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus or prediabetes. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e91027.
Lee SA, Sinclair E, Jain V, Huang Y, Epling L, Van Natta M, Meinert CL, Martin JN, McCune JM, Deeks SG, Lederman MM, Hecht FM, Hunt PW. Low proportions of CD28- CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 can be reversed by early ART initiation and predict mortality in treated HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2014 Aug 01; 210(3):374-82.
Lee SA, Sinclair E, Hatano H, Hsue PY, Epling L, Hecht FM, Bangsberg DR, Martin JN, McCune JM, Deeks SG, Hunt PW. Impact of HIV on CD8+ T cell CD57 expression is distinct from that of CMV and aging. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e89444.
Michaud HA, de Mulder M, SenGupta D, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Sacha JB, Nixon DF. Trans-activation, post-transcriptional maturation, and induction of antibodies to HERV-K (HML-2) envelope transmembrane protein in HIV-1 infection. Retrovirology. 2014 Jan 28; 11:10.
Milush JM, López-Vergès S, York VA, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Lanier LL, Nixon DF. CD56negCD16? NK cells are activated mature NK cells with impaired effector function during HIV-1 infection. Retrovirology. 2013 Dec 18; 10:158.
Dhruva A, Hecht FM, Miaskowski C, Kaptchuk TJ, Bodeker G, Abrams D, Lad V, Adler SR. Correlating traditional Ayurvedic and modern medical perspectives on cancer: results of a qualitative study. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May; 20(5):364-70.
Pilcher CD, Louie B, Facente S, Keating S, Hackett J, Vallari A, Hall C, Dowling T, Busch MP, Klausner JD, Hecht FM, Liska S, Pandori MW. Performance of rapid point-of-care and laboratory tests for acute and established HIV infection in San Francisco. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e80629.
Daubenmier J, Lustig RH, Hecht FM, Kristeller J, Woolley J, Adam T, Dallman M, Epel E. A new biomarker of hedonic eating? A preliminary investigation of cortisol and nausea responses to acute opioid blockade. Appetite. 2014 Mar; 74:92-100.
Josefsson L, von Stockenstrom S, Faria NR, Sinclair E, Bacchetti P, Killian M, Epling L, Tan A, Ho T, Lemey P, Shao W, Hunt PW, Somsouk M, Wylie W, Douek DC, Loeb L, Custer J, Hoh R, Poole L, Deeks SG, Hecht F, Palmer S. The HIV-1 reservoir in eight patients on long-term suppressive antiretroviral therapy is stable with few genetic changes over time. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 17; 110(51):E4987-96.
Vaidya SA, Streeck H, Beckwith N, Ghebremichael M, Pereyra F, Kwon DS, Addo MM, Rychert J, Routy JP, Jessen H, Kelleher AD, Hecht F, Sekaly RP, Carrington M, Walker BD, Allen TM, Rosenberg ES, Altfeld M. Temporal effect of HLA-B*57 on viral control during primary HIV-1 infection. Retrovirology. 2013 Nov 18; 10:139.
Crawford TQ, Hecht FM, Pilcher CD, Ndhlovu LC, Barbour JD. Activation associated ERK1/2 signaling impairments in CD8+ T cells co-localize with blunted polyclonal and HIV-1 specific effector functions in early untreated HIV-1 infection. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e77412.
Patterson S, Moran P, Epel E, Sinclair E, Kemeny ME, Deeks SG, Bacchetti P, Acree M, Epling L, Kirschbaum C, Hecht FM. Cortisol patterns are associated with T cell activation in HIV. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e63429.
Jain V, Hartogensis W, Bacchetti P, Hunt PW, Hatano H, Sinclair E, Epling L, Lee TH, Busch MP, McCune JM, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Deeks SG. Antiretroviral therapy initiated within 6 months of HIV infection is associated with lower T-cell activation and smaller HIV reservoir size. J Infect Dis. 2013 Oct 15; 208(8):1202-11.
Champiat S, Garrison KE, Raposo RA, Burwitz BJ, Reed J, Tandon R, York VA, Newman LP, Nimityongskul FA, Wilson NA, Almeida RR, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Rosenberg MG, Wiznia AA, Spotts GE, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Ostrowski MA, Sacha JB, Nixon DF. T cells target APOBEC3 proteins in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected humans and simian immunodeficiency virus-infected Indian rhesus macaques. J Virol. 2013 Jun; 87(11):6073-80.
Eriksson S, Graf EH, Dahl V, Strain MC, Yukl SA, Lysenko ES, Bosch RJ, Lai J, Chioma S, Emad F, Abdel-Mohsen M, Hoh R, Hecht F, Hunt P, Somsouk M, Wong J, Johnston R, Siliciano RF, Richman DD, O'Doherty U, Palmer S, Deeks SG, Siliciano JD. Comparative analysis of measures of viral reservoirs in HIV-1 eradication studies. PLoS Pathog. 2013 Feb; 9(2):e1003174.
Vallabhaneni S, McConnell JJ, Loeb L, Hartogensis W, Hecht FM, Grant RM, Pilcher CD. Changes in seroadaptive practices from before to after diagnosis of recent HIV infection among men who have sex with men. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e55397.
Perez CL, Milush JM, Buggert M, Eriksson EM, Larsen MV, Liegler T, Hartogensis W, Bacchetti P, Lund O, Hecht FM, Nixon DF, Karlsson AC. Targeting of conserved gag-epitopes in early HIV infection is associated with lower plasma viral load and slower CD4(+) T cell depletion. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Mar; 29(3):602-12.
Eriksson EM, Keh CE, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Differential expression of CD96 surface molecule represents CD8? T cells with dissimilar effector function during HIV-1 infection. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e51696.
Hatano H, Jain V, Hunt PW, Lee TH, Sinclair E, Do TD, Hoh R, Martin JN, McCune JM, Hecht F, Busch MP, Deeks SG. Cell-based measures of viral persistence are associated with immune activation and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)-expressing CD4+ T cells. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jul; 208(1):50-6.
Norström MM, Buggert M, Tauriainen J, Hartogensis W, Prosperi MC, Wallet MA, Hecht FM, Salemi M, Karlsson AC. Combination of immune and viral factors distinguishes low-risk versus high-risk HIV-1 disease progression in HLA-B*5701 subjects. J Virol. 2012 Sep; 86(18):9802-16.
Champiat S, Raposo RA, Maness NJ, Lehman JL, Purtell SE, Hasenkrug AM, Miller JC, Dean H, Koff WC, Hong MA, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Spotts GE, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Garrison KE, Nixon DF. Influence of HAART on alternative reading frame immune responses over the course of HIV-1 infection. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e39311.
Ho JE, Scherzer R, Hecht FM, Maka K, Selby V, Martin JN, Ganz P, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. The association of CD4+ T-cell counts and cardiovascular risk in treated HIV disease. AIDS. 2012 Jun 01; 26(9):1115-20.
Gurfein BT, Stamm AW, Bacchetti P, Dallman MF, Nadkarni NA, Milush JM, Touma C, Palme R, Di Borgo CP, Fromentin G, Lown-Hecht R, Konsman JP, Acree M, Premenko-Lanier M, Darcel N, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. The calm mouse: an animal model of stress reduction. Mol Med. 2012 May 09; 18:606-17.
Josefsson L, Eriksson S, Sinclair E, Ho T, Killian M, Epling L, Shao W, Lewis B, Bacchetti P, Loeb L, Custer J, Poole L, Hecht FM, Palmer S. Hematopoietic precursor cells isolated from patients on long-term suppressive HIV therapy did not contain HIV-1 DNA. J Infect Dis. 2012 Jul 01; 206(1):28-34.
Dhruva A, Miaskowski C, Abrams D, Acree M, Cooper B, Goodman S, Hecht FM. Yoga breathing for cancer chemotherapy-associated symptoms and quality of life: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 May; 18(5):473-9.
Mehling WE, Gopisetty V, Bartmess E, Acree M, Pressman A, Goldberg H, Hecht FM, Carey T, Avins AL. The prognosis of acute low back pain in primary care in the United States: a 2-year prospective cohort study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 15; 37(8):678-84.
Mehling WE, Lown EA, Dvorak CC, Cowan MJ, Horn BN, Dunn EA, Acree M, Abrams DI, Hecht FM. Hematopoietic cell transplant and use of massage for improved symptom management: results from a pilot randomized control trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012; 2012:450150.
Mehling WE, Gopisetty V, Acree M, Pressman A, Carey T, Goldberg H, Hecht FM, Avins AL. Acute low back pain and primary care: how to define recovery and chronification? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Dec 15; 36(26):2316-23.
Daubenmier J, Lin J, Blackburn E, Hecht FM, Kristeller J, Maninger N, Kuwata M, Bacchetti P, Havel PJ, Epel E. Changes in stress, eating, and metabolic factors are related to changes in telomerase activity in a randomized mindfulness intervention pilot study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012 Jul; 37(7):917-28.
Eriksson EM, Milush JM, Ho EL, Batista MD, Holditch SJ, Keh CE, Norris PJ, Keating SM, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Rosenberg MG, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Expansion of CD8+ T cells lacking Sema4D/CD100 during HIV-1 infection identifies a subset of T cells with decreased functional capacity. Blood. 2012 Jan 19; 119(3):745-55.
Daubenmier J, Kristeller J, Hecht FM, Maninger N, Kuwata M, Jhaveri K, Lustig RH, Kemeny M, Karan L, Epel E. Mindfulness Intervention for Stress Eating to Reduce Cortisol and Abdominal Fat among Overweight and Obese Women: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Study. J Obes. 2011; 2011:651936.
Crawford TQ, Ndhlovu LC, Tan A, Carvidi A, Hecht FM, Sinclair E, Barbour JD. HIV-1 infection abrogates CD8+ T cell mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling responses. J Virol. 2011 Dec; 85(23):12343-50.
Duncan LG, Moskowitz JT, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Hecht FM, Johnson MO. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for HIV treatment side effects: a randomized, wait-list controlled trial. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2012 Feb; 43(2):161-71.
Spudich S, Gisslen M, Hagberg L, Lee E, Liegler T, Brew B, Fuchs D, Tambussi G, Cinque P, Hecht FM, Price RW. Central nervous system immune activation characterizes primary human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection even in participants with minimal cerebrospinal fluid viral burden. J Infect Dis. 2011 Sep 01; 204(5):753-60.
Hecht FM, Wellman R, Busch MP, Pilcher CD, Norris PJ, Margolick JB, Collier AC, Little SJ, Markowitz M, Routy JP, Holte S. Identifying the early post-HIV antibody seroconversion period. J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 15; 204(4):526-33.
SenGupta D, Tandon R, Vieira RG, Ndhlovu LC, Lown-Hecht R, Ormsby CE, Loh L, Jones RB, Garrison KE, Martin JN, York VA, Spotts G, Reyes-Terán G, Ostrowski MA, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Nixon DF. Strong human endogenous retrovirus-specific T cell responses are associated with control of HIV-1 in chronic infection. J Virol. 2011 Jul; 85(14):6977-85.
Jain V, Sucupira MC, Bacchetti P, Hartogensis W, Diaz RS, Kallas EG, Janini LM, Liegler T, Pilcher CD, Grant RM, Cortes R, Deeks SG, Hecht FM. Differential persistence of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance mutation classes. J Infect Dis. 2011 Apr 15; 203(8):1174-81.
Kuylenstierna C, Snyder-Cappione JE, Loo CP, Long BR, Gonzalez VD, Michaëlsson J, Moll M, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Nixon DF, Sandberg JK. NK cells and CD1d-restricted NKT cells respond in different ways with divergent kinetics to IL-2 treatment in primary HIV-1 infection. Scand J Immunol. 2011 Feb; 73(2):141-6.
Favre D, Stoddart CA, Emu B, Hoh R, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, McCune JM. HIV disease progression correlates with the generation of dysfunctional naive CD8(low) T cells. Blood. 2011 Feb 17; 117(7):2189-99.
Gourraud PA, Karaouni A, Woo JM, Schmidt T, Oksenberg JR, Hecht FM, Liegler TJ, Barbour JD. APOBEC3H haplotypes and HIV-1 pro-viral vif DNA sequence diversity in early untreated human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection. Hum Immunol. 2011 Mar; 72(3):207-12.
Jain V, Liegler T, Vittinghoff E, Hartogensis W, Bacchetti P, Poole L, Loeb L, Pilcher CD, Grant RM, Deeks SG, Hecht FM. Transmitted drug resistance in persons with acute/early HIV-1 in San Francisco, 2002-2009. PLoS One. 2010 Dec 10; 5(12):e15510.
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Ho JE, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Xie Y, Schnell A, Martin JN, Ganz P, Hsue PY. Initiation of antiretroviral therapy at higher nadir CD4+ T-cell counts is associated with reduced arterial stiffness in HIV-infected individuals. AIDS. 2010 Jul 31; 24(12):1897-905.
Ndhlovu LC, Sinclair E, Epling L, Tan QX, Ho T, Jha AR, Eccles-James I, Tincati C, Levy JA, Nixon DF, Hecht FM, Barbour JD. IL-2 immunotherapy to recently HIV-1 infected adults maintains the numbers of IL-17 expressing CD4+ T (T(H)17) cells in the periphery. J Clin Immunol. 2010 Sep; 30(5):681-92.
Favre D, Mold J, Hunt PW, Kanwar B, Loke P, Seu L, Barbour JD, Lowe MM, Jayawardene A, Aweeka F, Huang Y, Douek DC, Brenchley JM, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, McCune JM. Tryptophan catabolism by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 alters the balance of TH17 to regulatory T cells in HIV disease. Sci Transl Med. 2010 May 19; 2(32):32ra36.
Markowitz M, Vaida F, Hare CB, Boden D, Mohri H, Hecht FM, Kalayjian RC, Conrad A, Mildvan D, Aberg J, Hogan C, Kilby JM, Balfour HH, Schafer K, Richman D, Little S. The virologic and immunologic effects of cyclosporine as an adjunct to antiretroviral therapy in patients treated during acute and early HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2010 May 01; 201(9):1298-302.
Hecht FM, Hartogensis W, Bragg L, Bacchetti P, Atchison R, Grant R, Barbour J, Deeks SG. HIV RNA level in early infection is predicted by viral load in the transmission source. AIDS. 2010 Apr 24; 24(7):941-5.
Willberg CB, Garrison KE, Jones RB, Meiklejohn DJ, Spotts G, Liegler TJ, Ostrowski MA, Karlsson AC, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Rapid progressing allele HLA-B35 Px restricted anti-HIV-1 CD8+ T cells recognize vestigial CTL epitopes. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 21; 5(4):e10249.
Naeger DM, Martin JN, Sinclair E, Hunt PW, Bangsberg DR, Hecht F, Hsue P, McCune JM, Deeks SG. Cytomegalovirus-specific T cells persist at very high levels during long-term antiretroviral treatment of HIV disease. PLoS One. 2010 Jan 29; 5(1):e8886.
Schweighardt B, Wrin T, Meiklejohn DA, Spotts G, Petropoulos CJ, Nixon DF, Hecht FM. Immune escape mutations detected within HIV-1 epitopes associated with viral control during treatment interruption. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jan; 53(1):36-46.
Khurana S, Norris PJ, Busch MP, Haynes BF, Park S, Sasono P, Mlisana K, Salim AK, Hecht FM, Mulenga J, Chomba E, Hunter E, Allen S, Nemo G, Rodriguez-Chavez IR, Margolick JB, Golding H. HIV-Selectest enzyme immunoassay and rapid test: ability to detect seroconversion following HIV-1 infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Jan; 48(1):281-5.
Snyder-Cappione JE, Loo CP, Carvalho KI, Kuylenstierna C, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Rosenberg MG, Sandberg JK, Kallas EG, Nixon DF. Lower cytokine secretion ex vivo by natural killer T cells in HIV-infected individuals is associated with higher CD161 expression. AIDS. 2009 Sep 24; 23(15):1965-70.
Huang W, Toma J, Stawiski E, Fransen S, Wrin T, Parkin N, Whitcomb JM, Coakley E, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Gandhi RT, Eshleman SH, Petropoulos CJ. Characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 populations containing CXCR4-using variants from recently infected individuals. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2009 Aug; 25(8):795-802.
Garrison KE, Champiat S, York VA, Agrawal AT, Kallas EG, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Nixon DF. Transcriptional errors in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 generate targets for T-cell responses. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Sep; 16(9):1369-71.
Loo CP, Long BR, Hecht FM, Nixon DF, Michaëlsson J. HIV-1-specific T Cell-dependent natural killer (NK) cell activation: major contribution by NK cells to interferon-gamma production in response to HIV-1 antigens. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2009 Jun; 25(6):603-5.
Streeck H, Jolin JS, Qi Y, Yassine-Diab B, Johnson RC, Kwon DS, Addo MM, Brumme C, Routy JP, Little S, Jessen HK, Kelleher AD, Hecht FM, Sekaly RP, Rosenberg ES, Walker BD, Carrington M, Altfeld M. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-specific CD8+ T-cell responses during primary infection are major determinants of the viral set point and loss of CD4+ T cells. J Virol. 2009 Aug; 83(15):7641-8.
Kelley CF, Kitchen CM, Hunt PW, Rodriguez B, Hecht FM, Kitahata M, Crane HM, Willig J, Mugavero M, Saag M, Martin JN, Deeks SG. Incomplete peripheral CD4+ cell count restoration in HIV-infected patients receiving long-term antiretroviral treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Mar 15; 48(6):787-94.
Apuzzo LG, Vaida F, Gallant JE, Ernstrom KB, Little SJ, Routy JP, Collier AC, Conway B, Markowitz MH, Hecht FM, Walker BD, Connick E, Margolick JB. Tolerability and efficacy of PI versus NNRTI-based regimens in subjects receiving HAART during acute or early HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Mar 01; 50(3):267-75.
Barbour JD, Ndhlovu LC, Xuan Tan Q, Ho T, Epling L, Bredt BM, Levy JA, Hecht FM, Sinclair E. High CD8+ T cell activation marks a less differentiated HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell response that is not altered by suppression of viral replication. PLoS One. 2009; 4(2):e4408.
Jones RB, Ndhlovu LC, Barbour JD, Sheth PM, Jha AR, Long BR, Wong JC, Satkunarajah M, Schweneker M, Chapman JM, Gyenes G, Vali B, Hyrcza MD, Yue FY, Kovacs C, Sassi A, Loutfy M, Halpenny R, Persad D, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Chun TW, McCune JM, Kaul R, Rini JM, Nixon DF, Ostrowski MA. Tim-3 expression defines a novel population of dysfunctional T cells with highly elevated frequencies in progressive HIV-1 infection. J Exp Med. 2008 Nov 24; 205(12):2763-79.
Willberg CB, McConnell JJ, Eriksson EM, Bragg LA, York VA, Liegler TJ, Hecht FM, Grant RM, Nixon DF. Immunity to HIV-1 is influenced by continued natural exposure to exogenous virus. PLoS Pathog. 2008 Oct; 4(10):e1000185.
Carrico AW, Johnson MO, Morin SF, Remien RH, Riley ED, Hecht FM, Fuchs D. Stimulant use is associated with immune activation and depleted tryptophan among HIV-positive persons on anti-retroviral therapy. Brain Behav Immun. 2008 Nov; 22(8):1257-62.
Liu L, May S, Richman DD, Hecht FM, Markowitz M, Daar ES, Routy JP, Margolick JB, Collier AC, Woelk CH, Little SJ, Smith DM. Comparison of algorithms that interpret genotypic HIV-1 drug resistance to determine the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance. AIDS. 2008 Apr 23; 22(7):835-9.
Ahuja SK, Kulkarni H, Catano G, Agan BK, Camargo JF, He W, O'Connell RJ, Marconi VC, Delmar J, Eron J, Clark RA, Frost S, Martin J, Ahuja SS, Deeks SG, Little S, Richman D, Hecht FM, Dolan MJ. CCL3L1-CCR5 genotype influences durability of immune recovery during antiretroviral therapy of HIV-1-infected individuals. Nat Med. 2008 Apr; 14(4):413-20.
Long BR, Ndhlovu LC, Oksenberg JR, Lanier LL, Hecht FM, Nixon DF, Barbour JD. Conferral of enhanced natural killer cell function by KIR3DS1 in early human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. J Virol. 2008 May; 82(10):4785-92.
Louie B, Wong E, Klausner JD, Liska S, Hecht F, Dowling T, Obeso M, Phillips SS, Pandori MW. Assessment of rapid tests for detection of human immunodeficiency virus-specific antibodies in recently infected individuals. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Apr; 46(4):1494-7.
Michaëlsson J, Long BR, Loo CP, Lanier LL, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Immune reconstitution of CD56(dim) NK cells in individuals with primary HIV-1 infection treated with interleukin-2. J Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 01; 197(1):117-25.
Long BR, Michaelsson J, Loo CP, Ballan WM, Vu BA, Hecht FM, Lanier LL, Chapman JM, Nixon DF. Elevated frequency of gamma interferon-producing NK cells in healthy adults vaccinated against influenza virus. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2008 Jan; 15(1):120-30.
Ndhlovu LC, Loo CP, Spotts G, Nixon DF, Hecht FM. FOXP3 expressing CD127lo CD4+ T cells inversely correlate with CD38+ CD8+ T cell activation levels in primary HIV-1 infection. J Leukoc Biol. 2008 Feb; 83(2):254-62.
Garrison KE, Jones RB, Meiklejohn DA, Anwar N, Ndhlovu LC, Chapman JM, Erickson AL, Agrawal A, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Rakoff-Nahoum S, Lenz J, Ostrowski MA, Nixon DF. T cell responses to human endogenous retroviruses in HIV-1 infection. PLoS Pathog. 2007 Nov; 3(11):e165.
Dolan MJ, Kulkarni H, Camargo JF, He W, Smith A, Anaya JM, Miura T, Hecht FM, Mamtani M, Pereyra F, Marconi V, Mangano A, Sen L, Bologna R, Clark RA, Anderson SA, Delmar J, O'Connell RJ, Lloyd A, Martin J, Ahuja SS, Agan BK, Walker BD, Deeks SG, Ahuja SK. CCL3L1 and CCR5 influence cell-mediated immunity and affect HIV-AIDS pathogenesis via viral entry-independent mechanisms. Nat Immunol. 2007 Dec; 8(12):1324-36.
Owen RE, Sinclair E, Emu B, Heitman JW, Hirschkorn DF, Epling CL, Tan QX, Custer B, Harris JM, Jacobson MA, McCune JM, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Norris PJ. Loss of T cell responses following long-term cryopreservation. J Immunol Methods. 2007 Sep 30; 326(1-2):93-115.
Karlsson AC, Chapman JM, Heiken BD, Hoh R, Kallas EG, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Nixon DF. Antiretroviral drug therapy alters the profile of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-specific T-cell responses and shifts the immunodominant cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response from Gag to Pol. J Virol. 2007 Oct; 81(20):11543-8.
Fryer JF, Delwart E, Hecht FM, Bernardin F, Jones MS, Shah N, Baylis SA. Frequent detection of the parvoviruses, PARV4 and PARV5, in plasma from blood donors and symptomatic individuals. Transfusion. 2007 Jun; 47(6):1054-61.
Sriram U, Wong M, Caillier SJ, Hecht FM, Elkins MK, Levy JA, Oksenberg JR, Baranzini SE. Quantitative longitudinal analysis of T cell receptor repertoire expression in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral and interleukin-2 therapy. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2007 May; 23(5):741-7.
Barbour JD, Sriram U, Caillier SJ, Levy JA, Hecht FM, Oksenberg JR. Synergy or independence? Deciphering the interaction of HLA Class I and NK cell KIR alleles in early HIV-1 disease progression. PLoS Pathog. 2007 Apr; 3(4):e43.
Northfield JW, Loo CP, Barbour JD, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Klenerman P, Nixon DF, Michaëlsson J. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific CD8+ T(EMRA) cells in early infection are linked to control of HIV-1 viremia and predict the subsequent viral load set point. J Virol. 2007 Jun; 81(11):5759-65.
Mehling WE, Jacobs B, Acree M, Wilson L, Bostrom A, West J, Acquah J, Burns B, Chapman J, Hecht FM. Symptom management with massage and acupuncture in postoperative cancer patients: a randomized controlled trial. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007 Mar; 33(3):258-66.
Karlsson AC, Iversen AK, Chapman JM, de Oliviera T, Spotts G, McMichael AJ, Davenport MP, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Sequential broadening of CTL responses in early HIV-1 infection is associated with viral escape. PLoS One. 2007 Feb 21; 2(2):e225.
Colfax GN, Vittinghoff E, Grant R, Lum P, Spotts G, Hecht FM. Frequent methamphetamine use is associated with primary non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance. AIDS. 2007 Jan 11; 21(2):239-41.
Barfod TS, Hecht FM, Rubow C, Gerstoft J. Physicians' communication with patients about adherence to HIV medication in San Francisco and Copenhagen: a qualitative study using Grounded Theory. BMC Health Serv Res. 2006 Dec 04; 6:154.
Brenchley JM, Price DA, Schacker TW, Asher TE, Silvestri G, Rao S, Kazzaz Z, Bornstein E, Lambotte O, Altmann D, Blazar BR, Rodriguez B, Teixeira-Johnson L, Landay A, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Picker LJ, Lederman MM, Deeks SG, Douek DC. Microbial translocation is a cause of systemic immune activation in chronic HIV infection. Nat Med. 2006 Dec; 12(12):1365-71.
Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Little SJ, Markowitz M, Daar ES, Kelleher AD, Routy JP, Campbell TB, Rosenberg ES, Segal MR, Weidler J, Grant RM. Greater CD4 T-cell gains after one year of antiretroviral therapy are associated with lower HIV-1 pol replication capacity. AIDS. 2006 Oct 24; 20(16):2123-5.
Zimmerman ES, Sherman MP, Blackett JL, Neidleman JA, Kreis C, Mundt P, Williams SA, Warmerdam M, Kahn J, Hecht FM, Grant RM, de Noronha CM, Weyrich AS, Greene WC, Planelles V. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Vpr induces DNA replication stress in vitro and in vivo. J Virol. 2006 Nov; 80(21):10407-18.
Hecht FM, Wang L, Collier A, Little S, Markowitz M, Margolick J, Kilby JM, Daar E, Conway B, Holte S. A multicenter observational study of the potential benefits of initiating combination antiretroviral therapy during acute HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2006 Sep 15; 194(6):725-33.
Norris PJ, Pappalardo BL, Custer B, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Busch MP. Elevations in IL-10, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma from the earliest point of HIV Type 1 infection. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2006 Aug; 22(8):757-62.
Killian MS, Norris PJ, Rawal BD, Lebedeva M, Hecht FM, Levy JA, Busch MP. The effects of early antiretroviral therapy and its discontinuation on the HIV-specific antibody response. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2006 Jul; 22(7):640-7.
Deeks SG, Schweighardt B, Wrin T, Galovich J, Hoh R, Sinclair E, Hunt P, McCune JM, Martin JN, Petropoulos CJ, Hecht FM. Neutralizing antibody responses against autologous and heterologous viruses in acute versus chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: evidence for a constraint on the ability of HIV to completely evade neutralizing antibody responses. J Virol. 2006 Jun; 80(12):6155-64.
Hare CB, Pappalardo BL, Busch MP, Karlsson AC, Phelps BH, Alexander SS, Bentsen C, Ramstead CA, Nixon DF, Levy JA, Hecht FM. Seroreversion in subjects receiving antiretroviral therapy during acute/early HIV infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Mar 01; 42(5):700-8.
Moll M, Snyder-Cappione J, Spotts G, Hecht FM, Sandberg JK, Nixon DF. Expansion of CD1d-restricted NKT cells in patients with primary HIV-1 infection treated with interleukin-2. Blood. 2006 Apr 15; 107(8):3081-3.
Roland ME, Neilands TB, Krone MR, Katz MH, Franses K, Grant RM, Busch MP, Hecht FM, Shacklett BL, Kahn JO, Bamberger JD, Coates TJ, Chesney MA, Martin JN. Seroconversion following nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis against HIV. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 15; 41(10):1507-13.
Elkins MK, Vittinghoff E, Baranzini SE, Hecht FM, Sriram U, Busch MP, Levy JA, Oksenberg JR. Longitudinal analysis of B cell repertoire and antibody gene rearrangements during early HIV infection. Genes Immun. 2005 Feb; 6(1):66-9.
Martinez-Mariño B, Shiboski S, Hecht FM, Kahn JO, Levy JA. Interleukin-2 therapy restores CD8 cell non-cytotoxic anti-HIV responses in primary infection subjects receiving HAART. AIDS. 2004 Oct 21; 18(15):1991-9.
Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Wrin T, Liegler TJ, Ramstead CA, Busch MP, Segal MR, Petropoulos CJ, Grant RM. Persistence of primary drug resistance among recently HIV-1 infected adults. AIDS. 2004 Aug 20; 18(12):1683-9.
Aandahl EM, Quigley MF, Moretto WJ, Moll M, Gonzalez VD, Sönnerborg A, Lindbäck S, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Rosenberg MG, Nixon DF, Sandberg JK. Expansion of CD7(low) and CD7(negative) CD8 T-cell effector subsets in HIV-1 infection: correlation with antigenic load and reversion by antiretroviral treatment. Blood. 2004 Dec 01; 104(12):3672-8.
Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Wrin T, Segal MR, Ramstead CA, Liegler TJ, Busch MP, Petropoulos CJ, Hellmann NS, Kahn JO, Grant RM. Higher CD4+ T cell counts associated with low viral pol replication capacity among treatment-naive adults in early HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2004 Jul 15; 190(2):251-6.
Deeks SG, Kitchen CM, Liu L, Guo H, Gascon R, Narváez AB, Hunt P, Martin JN, Kahn JO, Levy J, McGrath MS, Hecht FM. Immune activation set point during early HIV infection predicts subsequent CD4+ T-cell changes independent of viral load. Blood. 2004 Aug 15; 104(4):942-7.
Martinez-Mariño B, Ashlock BM, Shiboski S, Hecht FM, Levy JA. Effect of IL-2 therapy on CD8+ cell noncytotoxic anti-HIV response during primary HIV-1 infection. J Clin Immunol. 2004 Mar; 24(2):135-44.
Aandahl EM, Michaëlsson J, Moretto WJ, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Human CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells control T-cell responses to human immunodeficiency virus and cytomegalovirus antigens. J Virol. 2004 Mar; 78(5):2454-9.
Altfeld M, Addo MM, Rosenberg ES, Hecht FM, Lee PK, Vogel M, Yu XG, Draenert R, Johnston MN, Strick D, Allen TM, Feeney ME, Kahn JO, Sekaly RP, Levy JA, Rockstroh JK, Goulder PJ, Walker BD. Influence of HLA-B57 on clinical presentation and viral control during acute HIV-1 infection. AIDS. 2003 Dec 05; 17(18):2581-91.
Rawal BD, Degula A, Lebedeva L, Janssen RS, Hecht FM, Sheppard HW, Busch MP. Development of a new less-sensitive enzyme immunoassay for detection of early HIV-1 infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Jul 01; 33(3):349-55.
Jacobson MA, Liu L, Khayam-Bashi H, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Kahn J. Absolute or total lymphocyte count as a marker for the CD4 T lymphocyte criterion for initiating antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2003 Apr 11; 17(6):917-9.
Smith DE, Kaufmann GR, Kahn JO, Hecht FM, Grey PA, Zaunders JJ, Cunningham PH, Carr A, Duncombe C, Quan DC, Petersen A, Cooper DA. Greater reversal of CD4+ cell abnormalities and viral load reduction after initiation of antiretroviral therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine, and nelfinavir before complete HIV type 1 seroconversion. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003 Mar; 19(3):189-99.
Kellerman SE, Lehman JS, Lansky A, Stevens MR, Hecht FM, Bindman AB, Wortley PM. HIV testing within at-risk populations in the United States and the reasons for seeking or avoiding HIV testing. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Oct 01; 31(2):202-10.
Colfax GN, Lehman JS, Bindman AB, Vittinghoff E, Vranizan K, Fleming PL, Chesney M, Osmond D, Hecht FM. What happened to home HIV test collection kits? Intent to use kits, actual use, and barriers to use among persons at risk for HIV infection. AIDS Care. 2002 Oct; 14(5):675-82.
Grant RM, Hecht FM, Warmerdam M, Liu L, Liegler T, Petropoulos CJ, Hellmann NS, Chesney M, Busch MP, Kahn JO. Time trends in primary HIV-1 drug resistance among recently infected persons. JAMA. 2002 Jul 10; 288(2):181-8.
Gascon RL, Narváez AB, Zhang R, Kahn JO, Hecht FM, Herndier BG, McGrath MS. Increased HLA-DR expression on peripheral blood monocytes in subsets of subjects with primary HIV infection is associated with elevated CD4 T-cell apoptosis and CD4 T-cell depletion. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Jun 01; 30(2):146-53.
Hecht FM, Busch MP, Rawal B, Webb M, Rosenberg E, Swanson M, Chesney M, Anderson J, Levy J, Kahn JO. Use of laboratory tests and clinical symptoms for identification of primary HIV infection. AIDS. 2002 May 24; 16(8):1119-29.
Day CL, Shea AK, Altfeld MA, Olson DP, Buchbinder SP, Hecht FM, Rosenberg ES, Walker BD, Kalams SA. Relative dominance of epitope-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected persons with shared HLA alleles. J Virol. 2001 Jul; 75(14):6279-91.
Bangsberg DR, Hecht FM, Clague H, Charlebois ED, Ciccarone D, Chesney M, Moss A. Provider assessment of adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Apr 15; 26(5):435-42.
Altfeld M, Rosenberg ES, Shankarappa R, Mukherjee JS, Hecht FM, Eldridge RL, Addo MM, Poon SH, Phillips MN, Robbins GK, Sax PE, Boswell S, Kahn JO, Brander C, Goulder PJ, Levy JA, Mullins JI, Walker BD. Cellular immune responses and viral diversity in individuals treated during acute and early HIV-1 infection. J Exp Med. 2001 Jan 15; 193(2):169-80.
Stranford SA, Ong JC, Martinez-Marino B, Busch M, Hecht FM, Kahn J, Levy JA. Reduction in CD8+ cell noncytotoxic anti-HIV activity in individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy during primary infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jan 16; 98(2):597-602.
Schito AM, Vittinghoff E, Hecht FM, Elkins MK, Kahn JO, Levy JA, Oksenberg JR. Longitudinal analysis of T-cell receptor gene use by CD8(+) T cells in early human immunodeficiency virus infection in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Blood. 2001 Jan 01; 97(1):214-20.
Bangsberg DR, Hecht FM, Charlebois ED, Zolopa AR, Holodniy M, Sheiner L, Bamberger JD, Chesney MA, Moss A. Adherence to protease inhibitors, HIV-1 viral load, and development of drug resistance in an indigent population. AIDS. 2000 Mar 10; 14(4):357-66.
Elbeik T, Charlebois E, Nassos P, Kahn J, Hecht FM, Yajko D, Ng V, Hadley K. Quantitative and cost comparison of ultrasensitive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA viral load assays: Bayer bDNA quantiplex versions 3.0 and 2.0 and Roche PCR Amplicor monitor version 1.5. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 Mar; 38(3):1113-20.
Osmond DH, Bindman AB, Vranizan K, Lehman JS, Hecht FM, Keane D, Reingold A. Name-based surveillance and public health interventions for persons with HIV infection. Multistate Evaluation of Surveillance for HIV Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Nov 16; 131(10):775-9.
Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Swanson M, Elbeik T, Loftus R, Cohen PT, Grant RM. HIV RNA and CD4 cell count response to protease inhibitor therapy in an urban AIDS clinic: response to both initial and salvage therapy. AIDS. 1999 Apr 16; 13(6):F35-43.
Bindman AB, Osmond D, Hecht FM, Lehman JS, Vranizan K, Keane D, Reingold A. Multistate evaluation of anonymous HIV testing and access to medical care. Multistate Evaluation of Surveillance of HIV (MESH) Study Group. JAMA. 1998 Oct 28; 280(16):1416-20.
Hecht FM, Grant RM, Petropoulos CJ, Dillon B, Chesney MA, Tian H, Hellmann NS, Bandrapalli NI, Digilio L, Branson B, Kahn JO. Sexual transmission of an HIV-1 variant resistant to multiple reverse-transcriptase and protease inhibitors. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 30; 339(5):307-11.
Janssen RS, Satten GA, Stramer SL, Rawal BD, O'Brien TR, Weiblen BJ, Hecht FM, Jack N, Cleghorn FR, Kahn JO, Chesney MA, Busch MP. New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposes. JAMA. 1998 Jul 01; 280(1):42-8.
Hecht FM, Wheat J, Korzun AH, Hafner R, Skahan KJ, Larsen R, Limjoco MT, Simpson M, Schneider D, Keefer MC, Clark R, Lai KK, Jacobson JM, Squires K, Bartlett JA, Powderly W. Itraconazole maintenance treatment for histoplasmosis in AIDS: a prospective, multicenter trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Oct 01; 16(2):100-7.
Huang L, Hecht FM, Stansell JD, Montanti R, Hadley WK, Hopewell PC. Suspected Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with a negative induced sputum examination. Is early bronchoscopy useful? Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jun; 151(6):1866-71.
Turner BJ, Hecht FM, Ismail RB. CD4+ T-lymphocyte measures in the treatment of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. A review for clinical practitioners. Arch Intern Med. 1994 Jul 25; 154(14):1561-73.
Smith SD, Morgan R, Gemmell R, Amylon MD, Link MP, Linker C, Hecht BK, Warnke R, Glader BE, Hecht F. Clinical and biologic characterization of T-cell neoplasias with rearrangements of chromosome 7 band q34. Blood. 1988 Feb; 71(2):395-402.
Radvany RM, Schubert MS, Kiamar M, Jarzabek V, Koehler-Carone K, Kuban D, Hecht F. Lymphocyte subpopulation profiles and mitogen kinetics in immunological deficiency testing. J Clin Immunol. 1987 Jul; 7(4):312-8.
Zaccaria A, Alimena G, Baccarani M, Billström R, Carbonell F, Castoldi GL, Fuscaldo K, Hecht F, Hossfeld DK, Mitelman F. Cytogenetic analyses in 89 patients with secondary hematologic disorders--results of a cooperative study. Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1987 May; 26(1):65-74.
Swanson G, Picozzi V, Morgan R, Hecht F, Greenberg P. Responses of hemopoietic precursors to 13-cis retinoic acid and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the myelodysplastic syndromes. Blood. 1986 Apr; 67(4):1154-61.
Morgan R, Hecht F, Cleary ML, Sklar J, Link MP. Leukemia with Down's syndrome: translocation between chromosomes 1 and 19 in acute myelomonocytic leukemia following transient congenital myeloproliferative syndrome. Blood. 1985 Dec; 66(6):1466-8.
Clewell WH, Johnson ML, Meier PR, Newkirk JB, Zide SL, Hendee RW, Bowes WA, Hecht F, O'Keeffe D, Henry GP, Shikes RH. A surgical approach to the treatment of fetal hydrocephalus. N Engl J Med. 1982 Jun 03; 306(22):1320-5.
Clewell WH, Johnson ML, Meier PR, Newkirk JB, Hendee RW, Bowes WA, Zide SL, Hecht F, Henry G, O'Keeffe D. Placement of ventriculo-amniotic shunt for hydrocephalus in a fetus. N Engl J Med. 1981 Oct 15; 305(16):955.