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Faculty Profiles

Steve Schroeder, MD

3333 Calif. St,Laurel Heights
San Francisco, CA 94118

Dr. Schroeder is Distinguished Professor of Health and Health Care, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, UCSF, where he also heads the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center. The Center, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Truth Initiative, works with leaders of more than 80 American health professional organizations and health care institutions to increase the cessation rate for smokers. It has expanded the types of clinician groups that support cessation, developed an alternative cessation message (Ask, Advise, Refer), created new ways to market toll-free telephone quit lines, and engaged the mental health and addictions treatment community for the first time. The Center's current work is focused especially on how to reduce the huge health burden from smoking that falls upon those with mental illnesses and/or substance abuse disorders. SCLC works collaboratively with SAMHSA, HRSA, the CDC, and multiple health professional groups to provide technical assistance to help strengthen smoking cessation capabilities. The Center has also facilitated summit meetings involving 18 states that conduct tobacco cessation summits enabling states to achieve targeted reductions in smoking rates among behavioral health populations.

Between 1990 and 2002, Dr. Schroeder was President and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. During that time the Foundation made grant expenditures of almost $4 billion in pursuit of its mission of improving the health and health care of all Americans. It developed new programs in substance abuse prevention and treatment, care at the end of life, and health insurance expansion for children, among others. Dr. Schroeder graduated with honors from Stanford University and Harvard Medical School, and trained in internal medicine at the Harvard Medical Service of Boston City Hospital and in epidemiology as an EIS Officer of the CDC. He held faculty appointments at Harvard, George Washington, and UCSF. At both George Washington and UCSF he was the founding medical director of a university-sponsored HMO, and at UCSF he founded its division of general internal medicine. He is a director of, the Marin General Hospital, the Marin Community Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the Robina Foundation, and former member of the editorial board of the New England Journal of Medicine (for 19 years) and former chair of the Health Care Services Board of the Institute of Medicine (now National Academy of Medicine). He formerly chaired the American Legacy Foundation (now Truth Initiative), was a Council member of the Institute of Medicine, an Overseer of Harvard, President, the Harvard Medical Alumni Association, and director of the James Irvine Foundation. In 2014 he was named a public member of the Congressionally-mandated federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health. He has won numerous awards, including six honorary doctoral degrees and the Gustav O. Leinhard Award from the National Academy of Medicine. He and his wife Sally live in Tiburon, CA. They have two physician sons and four grandchildren.

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
Harvard Center for Community Health and Medical Care Fellowship Community Health and Medical Care 1971
Harvard Medical School Research Fellowship Medicine 1970
Boston City Hospital Senior Residency Medicine 1969
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention Epidemic Intelligence Officer National Communicable Diseases Center 1968
Boston City Hospital Internship and Assistant Residency Medicine 1966
Harvard University M.D. Medicine 1964
Stanford University BA 1960

Awards and Honors

2015   150th Anniversary Alumni Excellence Award, University of California, San Francisco, 2015
2013   National Leadership Award, Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2013
2013   Champion of Change for Public Health and Prevention Nomination, The White House, 2013
2013   Gustav O. Lienhard Award, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, 2013
2013   Summer Solstice Award: Community Health Champion, Marin Community Clinics, 2013
2012   Robert H. Crede Award of Excellence in Community Service, University of California, San Francisco, Division of General Internal Medicine, 2012
2010   Honorary Professor of Medicine, Ben Gurion University, 2010
2008   Board of Directors Award of Honor, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2008
2008   Shattuck Lecture Panelist, New England Journal of Medicine and Massachusetts Medical Society, 2008
2008   David E. Rogers Award, Association of American Medical Colleges, 2008
2008   Schroeder Institute Inauguration, American Legacy Foundation, 2008
2008   Smoke Free Champion Award, The Smoke Free Project, Children's National Medical Center, 2008
2007   James D. Bruce Memorial Award for Distinguished Contributions in Preventive Medicine, American College of Physicians, 2007
2007   Richard and Barbara Hansen Leadership Award and Distinguished Lectureship, University of Iowa, College of Public Health, 2007
2007   Shattuck Lecturer, New England Journal of Medicine and Massachusetts Medical Society, 2007
2007   Gold Headed Cane Society Induction, University of California, San Francisco, 2007
2006   National Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies Naming, American Legacy Foundation, 2006
2004   National Public Health Hero, University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, 2004
2004   Membership Award, Gold Humanism Honor Society, 2004
2003   Alvin P. Shapiro Award, American Psychosomatic Society Annual Scientific Meeting, 2003
2003   Regent's Professor, University of California, Berkeley, 2003
2003   The Award of Honor, American Hospital Association, 2003
2003   Champion Award, Youth Advocate of the Year Award, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 2003
2002   Second Century Award for Excellence in Health Care, Columbia University School of Nursing, 2002
2002   Armstrong Award (for RWJF), Ambulatory Pediatric Association, 2002
2002   Special Recognition Award, Association of American Medical Colleges, 2002
2002   Academy Award for Excellence in State Health Policy and Practice, National Academy of State Health Policy, 2002
2001   National Leadership Award, Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America, 2001
2001   Porter Prize, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, 2001
2000   Honorary Fellow, Society of Public Health Education, 2000
1999   Person of the Year, New Jersey Medicine, 1999
1999   Leaders in American Medicine Video Series Honor, Alpha Omega Alpha, 1999
1996   Medal of Honor, American Cancer Society, 1996
1996   Robert J. Glaser Award, Society of General Internal Medicine, 1996
1995   Mastership, American College of Physicians, 1995
1994   Honored at State Dinner, The Lotos Club, 1994
1993   Pinnacle Award, UniHealth America Foundation, 1993
1992   Certificate of Achievement, American College of Physicians, 1992
1987   Dozor Visiting Professor in Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, 1987
1982   Member, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, 1982
1964   Alpha Omega Alpha, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, 1964
1959   Phi Beta Kappa, The Phi Beta Kappa Society, 1959

Related Web Sites

Awarded Grants

Project Title Project Number Fiscal Year
Recent Articles (88)

Schroeder SA, Clark B, Cheng C, Saucedo CB. Helping Smokers Quit: The Smoking Cessation Leadership Center Engages Behavioral Health by Challenging Old Myths and Traditions. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2017 Dec 26; 1-8.

Schroeder SA, Clark B, Cheng C, Saucedo CB. Helping Smokers Quit: New Partners and New Strategies from the University of California, San Francisco Smoking Cessation Leadership Center. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2018 Jan-Mar; 50(1):3-11.

Warner KE, Schroeder SA. FDA's Innovative Plan to Address the Enormous Toll of Smoking. JAMA. 2017 11 14; 318(18):1755-1756.

Schroeder SA. Capsule Commentary on Rigotti et al., Interactive Voice Response Calls to Promote Smoking Cessation after Hospital Discharge: Pooled Analysis of Two Randomized Clinical Trials. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Sep; 32(9):1028.

Schroeder SA. Epilogue to Special Issue on Tobacco and Other Substance Use Disorders: Links and Implications. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2017 Mar; 43(2):226-229.

Jensen TP, Hennein RT, Saucedo CB, Clark BM, Waldrop JA, Schroeder SA. An Industry/Academia Collaborative to Support Smoking-Cessation Grants. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Feb; 52(2):232-236.

Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder SA, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. Postgrad Med J. 2016 Sep 22.

Rodriquez EJ, Oh SS, PĂ©rez-Stable EJ, Schroeder SA. Changes in Smoking Intensity Over Time by Birth Cohort and by Latino National Background, 1997-2014. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 12; 18(12):2225-2233.

Schroeder SA. Social Justice as the Moral Core of Family Medicine: A Perspective from the Keystone IV Conference. J Am Board Fam Med. 2016 Jul-Aug; 29 Suppl 1:S69-71.

Schroeder SA. Commentary on a smoke-free medical campus in Jerusalem: data for action. Isr J Health Policy Res. 2016; 5:27.

Schroeder SA. Smoking cessation should be an integral part of serious mental illness treatment. World Psychiatry. 2016 Jun; 15(2):175-6.

Schroeder SA. American health improvement depends upon addressing class disparities. Prev Med. 2016 Nov; 92:6-15.

Cullen EB, Hauer KE, Eisenstein L, Boscardin CK, Schroeder SA. Southern Medical Students' Views on Medicaid Expansion. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Feb; 176(2):254-6.

Schroeder SA. Response: Re: Social Justice as the Moral Core of Family Medicine: A Perspective from the Keystone IV Conference. J Am Board Fam Med. 2016 11/12; 29(6):813.

Schroeder S, Guydish J. The facts are clear. Addiction. 2015 Jun; 110(6):1025-6.

Schroeder SA. Even more illness caused by smoking than previously estimated. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec; 174(12):1928-9.

Linos E, Schroeder SA, Chren MM. Potential overdiagnosis of basal cell carcinoma in older patients with limited life expectancy. JAMA. 2014 Sep 10; 312(10):997-8.

Brennan TA, Schroeder S. Ending the sale of cigarettes at US pharmacies--reply. JAMA. 2014 Aug 06; 312(5):560.

Hudmon KS, Mark M, Livin AL, Corelli RL, Schroeder SA. Tobacco education in U.S. respiratory care programs. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 Oct; 16(10):1394-8.

Smith EA, Jahnke SA, Poston WS, Williams LN, Haddock CK, Schroeder SA, Malone RE. Is it time for a tobacco-free military? N Engl J Med. 2014 Aug 14; 371(7):589-91.

Brennan TA, Schroeder SA. Ending sales of tobacco products in pharmacies. JAMA. 2014 Mar 19; 311(11):1105-6.

Santhosh L, Meriwether M, Saucedo C, Reyes R, Cheng C, Clark B, Tipperman D, Schroeder SA. From the sidelines to the frontline: how the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration embraced smoking cessation. Am J Public Health. 2014 May; 104(5):796-802.

Schroeder SA. Physicians, politics, and health insurance expansion. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Feb; 29(2):267-8.

Fiore MC, Schroeder SA, Baker TB. Smoke, the chief killer--strategies for targeting combustible tobacco use. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 23; 370(4):297-9.

Schroeder SA, Koh HK. Tobacco control 50 years after the 1964 surgeon general's report. JAMA. 2014 Jan 08; 311(2):141-3.

Stecker EC, Schroeder SA. Adding value to relative-value units. N Engl J Med. 2013 Dec 05; 369(23):2176-9.

Schroeder SA. Can physicians change their laboratory test ordering behavior? A new look at an old issue. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1655-6.

Schroeder S. Smoking-related mortality in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 02; 368(18):1753-4.

Schroeder SA, Frist W. Phasing out fee-for-service payment. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 23; 368(21):2029-32.

Khullar D, Schroeder SA, Maa J. Helping smokers quit around the time of surgery. JAMA. 2013 Mar 13; 309(10):993-4.

Schroeder SA. New evidence that cigarette smoking remains the most important health hazard. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 24; 368(4):389-90.

Schroeder SA. Smoking among hospitalized patients: another opportunity to improve patients' health. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Nov 26; 172(21):1675-6.

Schroeder SA. Does the moral arc of the universe really bend toward justice? J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Nov; 27(11):1397-9.

Schroeder SA. How clinicians can help smokers to quit. JAMA. 2012 Oct 17; 308(15):1586-7.

Fiore MC, Goplerud E, Schroeder SA. The Joint Commission's new tobacco-cessation measures--will hospitals do the right thing? N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 29; 366(13):1172-4.

Schroeder SA. An update about tobacco and cancer: what clinicians should know. J Cancer Educ. 2012 Mar; 27(1):5-10.

Schroeder SA. Depression, smoking, and heart disease: how can psychiatrists be effective? Am J Psychiatry. 2011 Sep; 168(9):876-8.

Prochaska JJ, Reyes RS, Schroeder SA, Daniels AS, Doederlein A, Bergeson B. An online survey of tobacco use, intentions to quit, and cessation strategies among people living with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2011 Aug-Sep; 13(5-6):466-73.

Schroeder SA. Personal reflections on the high cost of American medical care: many causes but few politically sustainable solutions. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Apr 25; 171(8):722-7.

Schroeder SA. The kids will be all right (if they don't smoke). Am J Prev Med. 2010 Dec; 39(6):609-10.

Schroeder SA, Warner KE. Don't forget tobacco. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15; 363(3):201-4.

Tong EK, Strouse R, Hall J, Kovac M, Schroeder SA. National survey of U.S. health professionals' smoking prevalence, cessation practices, and beliefs. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Jul; 12(7):724-33.

Bonniot Saucedo C, Schroeder SA. Simplicity sells: Making smoking cessation easier. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3 Suppl):S393-6.

Schroeder SA, Morris CD. Confronting a neglected epidemic: tobacco cessation for persons with mental illnesses and substance abuse problems. Annu Rev Public Health. 2010; 31:297-314 1p following 314.

Maa J, Warner D, Schroeder S. What surgeons can do to reduce the impact of smoking on surgical outcomes. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2009 Nov; 94(11):21-5.

Schroeder SA. Public smoking bans are good for the heart. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Sep 29; 54(14):1256-7.

Sarkar U, Wachter RM, Schroeder SA, Schillinger D. Refocusing the lens: patient safety in ambulatory chronic disease care. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2009 Jul; 35(7):377-83, 341.

Schroeder SA. Moving forward in smoking cessation: issues for psychiatric nurses. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2009 Feb; 15(1):68-72.

Schroeder SA. A 51-year-old woman with bipolar disorder who wants to quit smoking. JAMA. 2009 Feb 04; 301(5):522-31.

Gollust SE, Schroeder SA, Warner KE. Helping smokers quit: understanding the barriers to utilization of smoking cessation services. Milbank Q. 2008 Dec; 86(4):601-27.

Schroeder SA. Strategies to reduce tobacco use the role of state research. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Dec; 35(6 Suppl):S519-21.

Baker CD, Caplan A, Davis K, Dentzer S, Epstein AM, Frist B, Galvin RS, King-Shaw RJ, Lee TH, Oberlander JB, Rosenbaum S, Schroeder SA, Tuckson RV. Health of the nation--coverage for all Americans. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21; 359(8):777-80.

Schroeder SA. Multifactorial intervention and mortality in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 22; 358(21):2292; author reply 2292-3.

Schroeder S. Stranded in the periphery--the increasing marginalization of smokers. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 22; 358(21):2284-6.

Isaacs SL, Schroeder SA. California dreamin'--state health care reform and the prospect for national change. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 10; 358(15):1537-40.

Schroeder SA. Shattuck Lecture. We can do better--improving the health of the American people. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 20; 357(12):1221-8.

Schroeder SA. Role of smoking in U.S. CVD. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007 May-Jun; 26(3):899.

Schroeder SA, Sox HC. Trials that matter: varenicline: a designer drug to help smokers quit. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Nov 21; 145(10):784-5.

Schroeder SA. Should emergency physicians help smokers quit? Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Oct; 48(4):415-6.

Schroeder SA, Sox HC. Internal medicine training: putt or get off the green. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Jun 20; 144(12):938-9.

Schroeder SA. Tobacco still is oral health enemy number one. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Feb; 137(2):144, 146, 148.

Schroeder SA. What to do with a patient who smokes. JAMA. 2005 Jul 27; 294(4):482-7.

Schroeder SA. An agenda to combat substance abuse. Health Aff (Millwood). 2005 Jul-Aug; 24(4):1005-13.

Revell CC, Schroeder SA. Simplicity matters: using system-level changes to encourage clinician intervention in helping tobacco users quit. Nicotine Tob Res. 2005 Apr; 7 Suppl 1:S67-9.

Schroeder SA. The tobacco buyout and the FDA. N Engl J Med. 2004 Sep 30; 351(14):1377-80.

Isaacs SL, Schroeder SA. Class - the ignored determinant of the nation's health. N Engl J Med. 2004 Sep 09; 351(11):1137-42.

Schroeder SA. How many hours is enough? An old profession meets a new generation. Ann Intern Med. 2004 May 18; 140(10):838-9.

Schroeder SA. Tobacco control in the wake of the 1998 master settlement agreement. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 15; 350(3):293-301.

Larson EB, Fihn SD, Kirk LM, Levinson W, Loge RV, Reynolds E, Sandy L, Schroeder S, Wenger N, Williams M. The future of general internal medicine. Report and recommendations from the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Task Force on the Domain of General Internal Medicine. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Jan; 19(1):69-77.

Schroeder SA. Don't let medicine lose its soul! Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 2004; 67(3):21-4.

Schroeder SA. Intensity, not prices. Health Aff (Millwood). 2003 Sep-Oct; 22(5):264; author reply 265.

Sandy LG, Schroeder SA. Primary care in a new era: disillusion and dissolution?. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Feb 04; 138(3):262-7.

Schroeder SA. Addressing both health and health care: an interview with Steven A. Schroeder [interview by John K. Iglehart]. Health Aff (Millwood). 2002 Nov-Dec; 21(6):244-9.

Schroeder SA. Conflicting dispatches from the tobacco wars. N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 03; 347(14):1106-9.

Schroeder SA. Primary care at a crossroads. Acad Med. 2002 Aug; 77(8):767-73.

Zones JS, Schroeder SA. Evolving residency requirements for ambulatory care training for five medical specialties, 1961 to 1989. West J Med. 1989 Dec; 151(6):676-8.

Gerbert B, Showstack JA, Chapman SA, Schroeder SA. The changing dynamics of graduate medical education. Implications for decision-making. West J Med. 1987 Mar; 146(3):368-73.

Showstack JA, Stone MH, Schroeder SA. The role of changing clinical practices in the rising costs of hospital care. N Engl J Med. 1985 Nov 07; 313(19):1201-7.

Schroeder SA, Gerbert B, Showstack JA, Chapman S. Reduction in medical-school class size. N Engl J Med. 1984 Dec 13; 311(24):1583.

Schroeder SA, Myers LP, McPhee SJ, Showstack JA, Simborg DW, Chapman SA, Leong JK. The failure of physician education as a cost containment strategy. Report of a prospective controlled trial at a university hospital. JAMA. 1984 Jul 13; 252(2):225-30.

Showstack JA, Schroeder SA, Matsumoto MF. Changes in the use of medical technologies, 1972-1977: a study of 10 inpatient diagnoses. N Engl J Med. 1982 Mar 25; 306(12):706-12.

Showstack JA, Schroeder SA, Steinberg HR. Evaluating the costs and benefits of a diagnostic technology: the case of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Med Care. 1981 May; 19(5):498-509.

Schroeder SA, Showstack JA, Schwartz J. Survival of adult high-cost patients. Report of a follow-up study from nine acute-care hospitals. JAMA. 1981 Apr 10; 245(14):1446-9.

Schroeder SA, Showstack JA, Roberts HE. Frequency and clinical description of high-cost patients in 17 acute-care hospitals. N Engl J Med. 1979 Jun 07; 300(23):1306-9.

Schroeder SA, Showstack JA. Merchandising cigarettes in pharmacies: a San Francisco survey. Am J Public Health. 1978 May; 68(5):494-5.

Schroeder SA, Showstack JA. Financial incentives to perform medical procedures and laboratory tests: illustrative models of office practice. Med Care. 1978 Apr; 16(4):289-98.

Schroeder SA, Werner SM, Piemme TE. Primary care in the academic medical centers: A report of a survey by the AAMC. J Med Educ. 1974 Sep; 49(9):823-33.

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